Since her birth in August 1947, Pakistan has never been accepted as an independent and separate sovereign state by her Eastern neighbor. This mindless and ridiculed aggression (Plan for The Greater Bharat) compelled our eastern neighbor to fight for four consecutive adventures of occupying Pakistan or remove her from the world’s map.
From the very first day, Pakistan had been left for nothing as far as the strategic assets and financial reserves were concerned to run the state affairs. Similarly, India had clear ambitions to overshadow her new and vulnerable neighbor in any way possible. India declined to give financial assistance to Pakistan which she consented to partition agreement with Great Britain. She ran her forces over Kashmir without the willingness of the local Kashmiri people. She even fought a war for a week with the then independently declared Princely Muslim State Hyderabad in south India. Junagadh State another Muslim ruling princely State which wanted to be a part of Pakistan was forcefully and brutally included in India by Indian forces. These above-mentioned incidences were taken place within the one and half years of Indian Independence. India did not stop there. She had bigger and dark plans for the whole region considering the small and vulnerable states surrounding her borders which were fighting for their survivals. In order to realize her evil plan, she initiated her infamous and evil Nuclear Plan soon after getting the independence.
These villainous and wicked Indian behaviors were so evident that many neutral and independent observers could not tolerate this and Sir Marcus Laurence Elwin Mark Oliphant was one of them. Sir Mark Oliphant was a leading Australian physicist and humanitarian. He is famously known for discovering new elements and development of nuclear weapons. Mr. Oliphant in the year 1948, wrote a famous historical letter to the founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah and he asked our father of nation to start a nuclear program in direct response to the threat by Indian aggression. He even went ahead to recommend Dr. Rafi Mohammad Chaudhry then a leading international physicist to be the part of Pakistan and do some preliminary work for her own Nukes. Quaid-e-Azam quickly reacted to this and gave a position to Dr. Chaudhry at Government College, Lahore. Dr. Chaudhry then migrated from India to Pakistan and assumed his new position. This is how the nuclear seed was sown by Pakistan.
There is a very long, full of risks and complex history of Pakistan to realize her dream of having her own nuke. This history spread over five decades and it has many twists and turns like any adventurous suspense novel of Ian Fleming. Pakistan had many of her own versions of Bonds and Dr. No. There are many important characters which are worth mentioned here without them this adventurous joy ride could not produce the desired results. These characters are Z.A. Bhutto, Dr. Abdus Salam, Munir A. Khan, Abdul Qadeer Khan, Ishfaq Ahmad, Dr. Ishrat Hussain Usmani and many more engineers, physicians, mathematician, and especially the unsung heroes of undercover and military forces.
The first five decades of Pakistan saw many friends become foes and many foes come together on single point against common enemies. Pakistan saw and took the full advantage of those economic and political incidents which took place during that time both at international and regional level. The worth mentioned political incident was that of cold-war polarization.
It also needs to be noted that Pakistan never opted for Nuke independently and without any dialogue with her neighbor. In fact, Pakistan time and again proposed several measures of bilateral and/or regional non-proliferation steps and confidence-building measures to India. These proposals were given in 1978, 1979, 1987 and 1994. It was always India which rejected every peace proposal put forward by Pakistan.
Now the main question is how much our Nukes are safe and secured and what lies in the future for Pakistan as far as the Nuclear Arms race is concerned. Pakistan’s nuclear program has been considered among the most secure and private nuclear system in the world. This is even accepted by the United States in the year 2008 and she said that the US did not have any idea as to where Pakistan’s nuclear sites are situated. According to Dr. A.Q. Khan the Father of Pakistan’s Uranium Bomb, the nuclear program of the country is one of the most secure and strongest programs in the world and there is no such capability in any other country for radical elements to steal or possess nuclear weapons. Pakistan’s nuclear program had also been declared safe and secure by the Deputy DG of IAEA in April 2011. According to the press release of IAEA, Pakistan is currently contributing more than $1.16 million in IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund which is the 10th highest fund contributed by any country.
In spite of delicate, prudent and efficient nuclear arms security system, there has been a huge propaganda at international level by the forces which do not want the presence of Pakistan’s Nuke and/or the peaceful stability in the region. In November 2011, in response to the article published in The Atlantic authored by Jeffrey Goldberg about the lack of security of Pakistan’s Nukes, Pakistani Government not only rejected the claims made by this article but also declared that the Government would train an additional 8,000 special force to protect the nuclear arsenal.
As far as the future ambitions are concerned, Pakistan is working hard to stay ahead of times by upgrading and modernizing her Nukes, Delivery System, Second Strike Capabilities and Security System. Many independent reviewers believe that Pakistan is excelling in many parameters as compare to Indian’s nuclear program. According to the Federation of American Scientists, an independent institution believes that as of 2010, Pakistan has 125 estimated total nuclear warhead stockpile followed by India 115. Similarly, according to many independent reviews, Pakistan has far more advanced lethal and efficient missile and delivery system as against India. General Anthony Zinni, the United States Central Command commander once told the NBC that it is widely believed that India has an edge in the South Asian Nuclear race but according to his opinion Pakistan’s Nuke capability is not inferior in any parameter to that of India.
This year, our nation is celebrating two decades of jubilation of having our own Nuclear Warheads. These two decades can be considered as the most peaceful decades in the history of Pakistan in which Pakistan did not have any fear from India and Pakistan was ever ready to give an equal response to the Indian aggression. These two decades gave Pakistan enough time to put her own home in order and resolve all the internal conflicts it is facing. These nukes not only stabilize the whole region’s volatility but also mushroom peace, confidence, and assurance of life not only for our own nation but also for the nations living in South Asia.