In a nation with a democratic process and cultural acceptance, democracy is maintained. Democracy is maintained in any culture or civilisation by shared adherence to democratic norms and principles as well as the replication of democratic ideals like inclusive pluralism and constitutional supremacy.
Due to the expansion of riches brought about by the coinage system in recent centuries, the middle class came to dominate politics. Similar to how democratic ideas have become cultural standards with the emergence of the Internet and social media, democracy is the only system that acknowledges the identity and fundamental rights of human beings.
Although Pakistan’s democratic trajectory has overcome numerous obstacles, it has managed to persist as a widely accepted form of government. Pakistan’s path to democracy would be difficult due to institutional mismatches and anti-democratic forces.However, Pakistan’s democracy has a bright future because of the growing middle class consciousness, urbanisation, constitutional ideals, trust, and widespread digital activity. One step toward realising democracy in Pakistan is the demand for political space being made by the country’s growing middle class.
The celebration of democratic principles among the people was made possible by the globalisation of ideas and information. It cannot be disputed that democracy is an ongoing evolutionary process that is always in conflict. The possibility of a democratic polity in Pakistan was demonstrated by the recent changing and evolving tendencies, yet democracy in Pakistan remained constrained. With the emergence of new principles and strong social forces that will help democracy become a political force in power, democracy has a future in Pakistan.
Digital accountability and the increase in media literacy among the populace have made Pakistan’s chances of prosperity and democracy more likely. There have historically been serious complaints between institutions and the general public. The direct access of citizens to any institution has increased with the introduction of digital platforms like the PM’s Performance Delivery Unit (PCP) and Pakistan Citizen Portal. This institutional approachability increased the public’s faith in the government.
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Any democratic nation must prioritise trust. By filing a straightforward complaint on such digital channels, individuals may now express their complaints over the internet. The distance between the state and its citizens has closed. This increase in digital access and accountability is paving the way for Pakistan’s unavoidable democratic transition.
In his book Political Order and Political Decay, Francis Fukuyama stated that urbanisation and a thriving middle class had a significant influence on the establishment of democracy in every state. According to The Wall Street Journal, 42% of Pakistan’s population is classified as middle class. Any nation’s middle class expansion is accompanied by an increase in political and economic engagement. The economically independent class wants more political room. The middle class and escalating political incentives act as pressure points on the groupings as they construct democratic discourse.
In recent years, social media has made it easier for people to connect with fresh concepts, ideas, and beliefs. These principles contributed to the formation of the public’s concept of democracy and constitutional principles. Social media connection with many cultures and viewpoints has helped to foster a good perception of valued democratic values, which has been lacking over the last few decades in terms of public acceptability. Previously, people also celebrated anti-democratic principles. The characteristic of what is likely to be democracy in Pakistan in the twenty-first century is the shifting paradigm of a psychological revolution in Pakistani society.
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Pakistan’s democracy has particular difficulties, such as the passive acceptance of variety and pluralism. Diversity and plurality are crucial components of the democratic system of government. Problematic is the ongoing battle to homogenise culture, morals, and art. Democracy is defined by its diverse rules and celebration of individuality. The foundation of any democracy is dissent and constructive nonconformism. Dissent is routinely suppressed in Pakistan through a variety of institutional measures, which contribute to the country’s democratic deficit. If dissent and varied values from all societal strata were acknowledged, democracy in Pakistan would mature.
Democracy is a long-term process that is supported by people’s acceptance in society. Due to media literacy and social media initiatives, Pakistani society is more informed than ever, suggesting that democracy has a future. Democracy’s equation is resolved by a difficult and difficult path. Democracies have difficulties maintaining their core principles, but it is undeniable that they now play a significant role in our society. Because there is no other viable political option for Pakistan, democracy has a bright future there.