US in Afghanistan: mission impossible

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The American invasion in Afghanistan was a reaction to the terrorist attack of September 11. However, the military campaign that started as a Blitz Krieg soon turned into a lengthy war with an enemy, which employed guerilla methods. The USA failed to win that war. To the contrary, with time the situation got only worse, while the problems related to the chaos in the country affects even countries that don’t border on Afghanistan.

US IN Afghanistan

“On my order the US armed forces executed strikes on the terrorist training camps that belong to Al Qaeda as well as on the military facilities of the Taliban Movement in Afghanistan,” these were the words, with which George Bush Junior addressed the nation announcing the beginning of the military campaign in Afghanistan. The American invasion in Afghanistan was a reaction to the terrorist attack of September 11. The initial goal was to punish the Taliban for its support of international terrorism. That goal was reached in a short period of time. Already on November 13, 2001 the Taliban surrendered Kabul, while on December 7 fell Kandahar the last city they controlled. However, they failed to completely defeat the Taliban. With time the Taliban managed to restore its forces. Meanwhile the situation in Afghanistan grew increasingly worse, says Fedor Voytolovsky, head of the sector of external and internal policy of the USA at the Institute of World Economy and international Relations:

“Over the years, during which the operation of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan was conducted – first under the US leadership and later under the auspices of the NATO – the situation in Afghanistan itself as well as in the adjacent countries, first of all in Pakistan at the so-called Tribal Areas changed greatly and was destabilized. Compared to the situation under the Taliban rule no significant improvement took place, and in fact one can talk about a deterioration of the situation from the point of view of international security”.

Today the territory at the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan still serves as the place where training camps of terrorists are located. Not only local radicals are trained there, but also jihadists that come from Western countries. Meanwhile, the official authorities supported by the USA do not control many of the Afghan provinces. Ordinary Afghani people are angry at the foreign military because during their operations peaceful civilians often get killed. And that is only the top of the list of problems that arose after the American invasion, says Dmitry Verkhoturov, an expert at the Center for Modern Afghanistan Studies.

“There are quite a few negative consequences. The first thing that meets the eye is the sharp increase of drug production. As a rule, people compare it to the level of 1999 when the Taliban practically completely did away with the production of the opiates. But I prefer the comparison to the average level of opium production typical of that country. Today’s level of narcotics production is about 2.5 times higher than that usual level. In other words, the development of drug production was a consequence of the US intrusion in Afghanistan”.

Noteworthy that Washington has failed to build a good relationship even with the current Afghani president. And this is taking into account that Hamid Karzai is still in power largely due to the American support. However, when it came to signing the agreement that would allow the USA to keep its military presence in Afghanistan after 2014, Karzai refused to sign the document. In response irritated Barack Obama not only threatened to stop providing annual financial aid to Kabul, but also to withdraw its entire military contingent from Afghanistan leaving Karzai one on one with the Taliban. But the treats did not impress Karzai. And now Washington just has to hope that the leader to become Afghanistan’s next president after the upcoming elections will be more obliging.

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