So, has Syria engaged major powers of the world in a way that any provocation at this sensitive time can ignite a full-blown war of the world? Has China still stayed away, apart from using its veto of the UN resolutions against Syria? In May, the Department of Defense (DOD) issued the 2013 annual report to the Congress on the Chinese military. The report alleges China for massive, extensive modernization programs in not only the ground forces, but in PLA’s Navy, Air Force, its Second Artillery, as well as its Space and Cyber capabilities (Source). Above that, China’s Navy built-up in the South China Sea is being increasingly criticized. In June, ‘Japanese Ambassador to the U.S. Kenichiro Sasae described China’s increasingly frequent forays to lodge territorial claims in the resource-rich East and South China Seas as “harassing” and “provocative”.’
In this backdrop, China has been alleged to ‘have provided $300 million worth of arms from 2007 to 2010 to the Assad regime. In February, the US imposed sanctions on China Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation, a state-owned company, for allegedly conducting military transfers to Syria in violation of nonproliferation legislation’. All this suggests that almost all the major nations above the equator are aligned to one axis or the other, and are converging upon the pivot of Syria at this moment of time.
Global matters are a fast and ever-changing phenomenon, wherein predictions are often proven wrong and what seems obvious today may turn into impossibility tomorrow. Syria may not be a major game-player, but it is possible that circumstances have made its soil the fertility ground of proxy-war compliant to the 4th Generation phenomenon. Why are all the major nations apt to put their part in the Syrian battlefield? Perhaps the reasons will be clearer for someone writing the history of this matter sometimes later, but a few things can already be said: firstly, Syria has been placed in the middle of the tug-of-war between Sunni Islam and Shia Islam, between the White race with depleting resources and the Swarthy race with a lot of nascent wealth , and between Capitalist assets and Communist assets; secondly, if Syria was alone in its resistance, it would have fallen long ago, like all those of the Arab Spring had fallen, but Syria’s case came a little later, and those behind it got the time to assimilate their situations and act accordingly.
As for the moral question, it is easy to answer on sectarian basis; the Sunni Islam is right in its endeavor to rid a Sunni majority from subjugation to an extreme Shia sect that clashes with their moderate beliefs. The Shia world may be right in barricading the sweep of instability on their walls, and for standing strong when the Sunni world seems to have been slipping one by one. And the West always has a pompous moral statement, with which we usually disagree, nevertheless it is pompous; they want to save Humanity! And they are sure that they are saving it, no matter how many people have to die and communities devastated in the process. All of us have our moral lows too; the Sunni world remains oblivious to its mistake of allowing foreign powers to play in what should have been the internal matter of the Muslim Ummah; the Shia world is likewise throwing the matter of Muslim unity at its back, in creating a smaller unity that has provoked a bigger divide; and the West, as usual, spinning upon its double helix of ‘saving humanity’ and the ‘safeguard of its own interests’, is perpetually beating down the better half of the helix.
But the issue is of the collective moral; what is the stance that can be a peaceful solution reached on the negotiation table? Can peace be reached by labeling one party as evil and eliminating it? Will one kill satiate the thirst of those who aspire for permanent global power, that too in a world of 6 billion human souls that keep changing the global scenario swiftly with unpredictable uniqueness?
The Rebels, who originally won the sympathies of the Muslim world and beyond, risk losing their pure sense. The Rebels stood upon a noble cause when they raised their first slogans of protest in Assad’s face, as no people deserve to live under a tyrant dictatorship that suppresses the rights of the majority. But as the resistance gained momentum, perhaps the Rebels forgot that they needed to pose as much resistance to all sorts of militant groups vying to enter Syria under their slogan as they needed to resist Assad’s forces. Their allowance, or perhaps their weakness and the fear of defeat, has made the borders between Syria and Turkey the international trade center for all sorts of militants that can make a bargain with proxy-setters. This has served to cause divides within the original freedom fighters, and given space to many new groups who have not pure cause but ‘to kill’ for money; thus allowing the highjack of the pure and noble cause of the Rebels and causing the spew of all sorts of doubt-making news spread in their sympathizers.
Syria has helped in polarizing the world more than any issue in recent times, and the victims of this confrontation will be no other than the common people of humanity. With both the sides adamant on going to any extent for securing their assets and interests, and with the Communist side ever more confident on its increasing economic and military power, and the Capitalist side going down with its own weight of accumulated, unsustainable wealth, the unalarmed wider humanity is approaching an uncalled-for conflict that may use them as fuel once again, just like the last two world wars.
The question still remains unanswered; what is the peaceful solution for the Muslim World and for Humanity?