Pakistan’s water crisis to deepen with climate change

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ISLAMABAD: Recording incre­a­­se in the intensity and inflexibility of famines in Pakistan, the‘ Global Food Policy Report 2022’has advised that summer heatwaves are projected to increase at a rate of0.71 day per decade in the country, while in India it’s estimated to triadic or quadruple by 2100.

Released by the Washington- grounded International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the report says water failure in Pakistan is projected to worsen with climate change. Himalayan glaciers, an important source of gutters in South Asia, have lost more mass since 2000 than in the entire twentieth century, according to the report.

Of the world’s five basins where water failure- led GDP losses are projected to be loftiest, three (Indus, Sabarmati, and Ganges-Brahmaputra) are in South Asia. In the Indus Basin alone, GDP losses by 2100 are anticipated to exceed$ billion, it estimates.

Climate change presents immediate and long- term challenges for South Asia similar as glacier melt, ocean- position rise, groundwater reduction, extreme rainfall events, and frequence of natural hazards that are likely to worsen in coming decades. The report warns that South Asia’spre-existing vulnerabilities — grandly situations of poverty, governance challenges, and limited access to introductory services and coffers — amplify the region’s climate pitfalls, with potentially ruinous goods if warming continues at this pace.

The unknown suite of climatic changes has also caused crop yield decline and product losses in the region, with a many exceptions for certain crops andsub-regions. In Pakistan, decline in rice and wheat yields are observed with climate change though the use of heat-tolerant kinds has handed some adaptability and precluded lesser impacts.

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