The entire Pakistan movement was peaceful, and on 14th August, 1947, a new country was born – Pakistan – without shedding a drop of blood.
23rd March, 1940 was the day when the Muslims of India decided that they cannot live together with the Hindus and need a separate homeland where they can lead their lives according to the norms of Islam. It is not that the Muslims of India never tried to live together with the Hindus of India; until 1937, for the Muslims of India, Independence meant “the end of British Raj” and the establishment of the government of India – encompassing all the people (Muslims and Hindus) of India. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah believed that the Muslims could protect their rights in a united India in case of separate electorates, or if the provincial boundaries were drawn so as to preserve Muslim minorities. But in the elections of 1937, when the Muslim League faced the reality of total political powerlessness and failed to win a majority even on the Muslim seats, and the Congress formed the government even in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), where the League won no seats despite the fact that almost all the residents were Muslim, Quaid realized that it would be difficult for the Muslims to protect their rights in united India, which would lead to violence after independence from the British raj.
Hence, the foundation stone of Pakistan was laid on the need for peace in the region. For Quaid-e-Azam, the partition of the subcontinent did not just mean a separate piece of land, but he desired peace in the region, so that both the nations could work for the betterment of their people and not be fighting with each other over Hindu-Muslim issues. The entire Pakistan movement was peaceful, and on 14th August, 1947, a new country was born – Pakistan – without shedding a drop of blood, (not to be confused with the blood shed after the partition, when violence forced a large number of people to migrate) which was a distinct achievement in itself.
August 13, 1947 – in a speech at the banquet held in honor of Lord Mountbatten at the Governor General’s residence, the Quaid said, “This task has now been accomplished. There lies in front of us a new chapter, and it will be our endeavor to create and maintain goodwill and friendship with Britain and our neighboring dominion Hindustan along with other sister nations, so that we all together may make our greatest contribution for the peace and prosperity of the world.”
August 13, 2013 – Visiting Pakistan on the eve of its 66th Independence Day, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon hailed Pakistan’s lead role in the United Nations peacekeeping operations, at the inauguration of the Center of International Peace and Stability in Islamabad. He said, “More than 100 countries contribute troops and police for the United Nations peacekeeping missions. Pakistan is number one,” adding that it is impossible to speak about the history of UN peacekeeping without highlighting Pakistan’s contributions.
Pakistan joined the United Nations on 30 September, 1947. Pakistan has been not only actively involved in most of the UN peacekeeping missions but is also playing its role as a peacemaker in the UN’s specialized agencies, other bodies and various UN conferences.
Pakistan is a member of the Peace Building Commission (PBC) of the UN from the category of Troop Contributing Countries. The Peace Building Commission (PBC) is an intergovernmental advisory body that supports peace making efforts in countries emerging from conflicts, and is a key addition to the capacity of the International Community in the broad peace agenda. Pakistan looks forward to contributing to the work of the Peace Building Commission with its vast experience in peacekeeping and peace-building.
Pakistan Army is famous for numerous achievements in peacekeeping missions around the globe. Pakistan has a long and cherished history of involvement in peacekeeping that can be traced from 1960, when Pakistani soldiers became part of United Nations peacekeeping efforts in Congo. With the expanded and renewed role of the UN, we have gradually become a harbinger in the worldwide peace efforts. Pakistan’s past contributions to various UN missions are as under:-
|UN Operation in Congo (ONUC)||1960-1964|
|UN Security Force in New Guinea, West Irian (UNSF)||1962-1963|
|UN Yemen Observer Mission, Yemen (UNYOM)||1963-1964|
|UN Transition Assistance Group in Namibia (UNTAG)||1989-1990|
|UN Iraq-Kuwait Observer Mission (UNIKOM)||1991-2003|
|UN Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)||1993-1996|
|UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)||1992-1993|
|UN Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM)||1992-1995|
|UN Protection Force in Bosnia (UNPROFOR)||1992-1995|
|UN Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)||1993-1997|
|UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)||1993-1996|
|UN Verification Mission in Angola (UN AVEMIII)||1995-1997|
|UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia (UNTAES)||1996-1997|
|UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP)||1996-2002|
|UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL)||2001-2005|
136 Pakistani soldiers have been martyred while wearing the blue helmets of the UN. Today, around 8,000 of Pakistan’s men and women serve in complex and challenging missions, including Darfur, Haiti and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Since 1947, Pakistan has fought four wars, first in 1947 – also known as the First Kashmir War, second in 1965 regarding the Kashmir Issue, third in 1971 and fourth in 1999 – again regarding the Kashmir issue. All these wars were fought against India, and three of these wars were over the same issue of “Kashmir”.