After weeks of haggling, the United States, Russia, France, China and Britain have agreed on the core of a UN Security Council resolution to rid Syria of its chemical weapons, three Western diplomats said on Wednesday, but Russia denied such an agreement and insisted work was “still going on”.
The development came after the foreign ministers of the five permanent members of the council met over lunch with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon earlier in the day, the diplomats said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
The three diplomats said a draft resolution could be presented to the full 15-nation council soon, and the five permanent members would also meet on Friday to discuss a proposed Syria peace conference in Geneva.
“We are closer on all the key points,” he said. A third diplomat also suggested that a deal on the draft resolution was within reach.
But Russia rejected suggestions by the Western diplomats that there was an agreement on the core of a draft resolution.
“This is just their wishful thinking,” the spokesman for Russia’s U.N. delegation said. “It is not the reality. The work on the draft resolution is still going on.”
A U.S. official cited progress while cautioning that there was still work to be done. “We’re making progress but we’re not done yet,” the official told Reuters.
The five veto-wielding permanent members of the Security Council – Russia, the United States, France, Britain and China – have been negotiating a resolution to demand the destruction of Syria’s chemical arsenal in line with a US-Russian deal reached earlier this month.
Negotiations on a draft in New York had come to a standstill while Russia and the United States struggled to reach an agreement acceptable to both.
But it appears that after talks between US Secretary of State John Kerry and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov on Tuesday, the deadlock was broken.
A major sticking point between Russia and Western powers has been whether the resolution is written under Chapter 7 of the UN charter, which covers the Security Council’s authority to enforce decisions with measures such as sanctions or military force.
Russia, a staunch ally of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, has made clear it would not accept an initial resolution under Chapter 7 and that any punitive measures would come only in the event of clearly proven Syrian non-compliance on the basis of a second council resolution under Chapter 7.
A Western diplomat who had seen the latest draft before the Ban Ki-moon meeting said the only reference to Chapter 7 was at the end – a threat that in the event of non-compliance the council should “impose measures” under Chapter 7. To carry out that threat, a second resolution would be needed.
There is, the diplomat said, no reference to Chapter 7 in the rest of the resolution, though the language is identical to what would normally be in a Chapter 7 resolution.
Assad agreed to destroy Syria’s chemical weapons in the wake of a sarin gas strike on civilians in the suburbs of Damascus last month – the world’s deadliest chemical arms attack in 25 years.
Washington blamed Assad’s forces for the attack, which it said killed more than 1400 people, and President Barack Obama threatened a US military strike in response.
INSPECTORS RETURN TO SYRIA
UN chemical weapons inspectors returned to Syria on Wednesday to continue investigating allegations of chemical weapons use. A convoy of five United Nations cars carrying at least eight members of the team arrived at a central Damascus hotel shortly before midday, witnesses said.
At the time of the August 21 sarin attack, the inspectors had been in Damascus preparing to investigate three earlier cases of suspected chemical weapons use, including one in March in the northern town of Khan al-Assal.
In another development, thousands of Syrian rebels have broken with the Western-backed coalition and called for a new Islamist front, undermining international efforts to build up a pro-Western military force to replace Assad.
Ever more divided on the battlefield – where Assad’s better armed troops have been gaining ground – allies of the Free Syrian Army were among 13 disparate rebel factions to disown the exile leadership and build an Islamic alliance that includes the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front, commanders said.
Details of the numbers of fighters involved how they would cooperate remained unclear. In an online video, a leader of the Islamist Tawheed Brigade said the bloc rejected the authority of the Syrian National Coalition and the Western and Saudi-backed exile administration of Ahmad Tumeh.
The move was a setback for foreign leaders trying to bolster more secular rebel groups and to reassure voters sceptical of deeper involvement in Syria’s civil war. Some may think again about help for the fighters, which ranges from weaponry from the Gulf to non-lethal aid from Europe and the United States.
Seven al Qaeda-affiliated rebels were killed in a battle with a Syrian Kurdish militia on Wednesday in Atma, a town on the Turkish border which is a main escape route for fleeing refugees, as violence between Syria’s Arabs and Kurds increased, opposition activists said.
The fighting showed how the region has become a battleground for a large number of armed groups in a scramble to grab territory, opposition sources said.