Pakistan is a top destination for solar energy since it has several cities with extremely high temperatures that permit the most sunshine penetration. In Pakistan, solar energy is seen as a viable alternative energy source for achieving economic growth. In Pakistan, solar energy is a plentiful resource that is beneficial for producing power. It helps generate power without endangering the environment. Solar energy does not produce any carbon emissions or greenhouse gas impacts when used to generate electricity. Environmental protection is guaranteed while the rate of climate change is reduced.
In Pakistan, the use of solar energy benefits both businesses and residential regions. By using solar panels, residents of various residential societies can reduce their energy expenses for power. The country’s electricity shortage is lessened since its citizens may use the solar panels to power their electrical gadgets. The benefits of cost-savings and producing clean energy to power homes outweigh the hefty installation costs and potential roof damage caused by solar panel installation.
By installing photovoltaic panels on their rooftops, residential dwellers have access to solar energy. The panels employ solar power cells with either a positive or negative field. These are made up of photons, which silicon absorbs. The photons power the appliances when they become free electrons and travel via the electrical lines.
Pakistan’s industrial sector may rely on the use of solar panels to provide heat for a variety of industrial tasks, including the manufacture and processing of chemicals, minerals, and food; oil recovery; and mineral processing. Solar panels can help increase companies’ access to energy due to the issue of lack of electricity, especially during the summer. It may result in increased output and job possibilities for some people. By increasing per capita income and accelerating export potential, it can further develop the economy and improve the trade balance.
The sun’s energy warms oil, which is important in a variety of industrial processes. Oil is used to create steam, which powers turbines, mechanical cycles, and other equipment to create electricity. Additionally, it fuels equipment that is used for industrial purposes. Even while employing solar panels in the industrial sector lowers power costs, doing so comes at a significant cost and requires time-consuming installation. Equipment for solar energy is typically imported from China at an expensive price. Due to the Chinese solar firms’ lack of local presence, they do not provide warranties or guarantees for after-sales services.
However, Pakistan has a huge potential for the use of solar energy since the average solar radiation intensity ranges from 1500 watts per square metre to 2750 watts per square metre for about 10 hours each day. Throughout the year, this is most prevalent in parts of southern Punjab, Sindh, and Baluchistan. The aforementioned locations have the capacity to produce close to 45 to 83 megawatts of electricity per month. The aforementioned advantages associated with solar energy generation for home and industrial clients drive the adoption of solar panels in Pakistan. To resolve the technical challenges associated with the adoption of solar energy, it is imperative to request the most technical support possible from the government authorities.
The national grid in Pakistan is now supplied with energy from six solar power facilities with a combined capacity of 430 MW. These are mostly found in Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh, and Kashmir. With one of the largest solar plants in the nation with a capacity of 100 MW peak across a covered area of 500 acres, the Quaid-e-Azam solar park is located in the desert region of LalSohanra in Cholistan, Bahawalpur.
To solve the country’s energy issue, the current administration has established a comprehensive National Solar Policy for the provision of affordable, ecologically friendly solar energy. To make the most effective use of solar energy in the nation, all of these measures must be pursued with the utmost consistency, tenacity, and hard work. To take advantage of the sustainable method of power generation, net metering should be widely available to customers throughout the nation. This is seen as crucial for achieving energy independence for the nation in order to reduce problems with power theft, cyclic debt, and distribution losses.