An Insight: Pakistan-India Relations under Modi’s Regime


India and Pakistan for all ages and all times have never been united religiously, morally or in any other general. The everlastingly troubled Pak-India relations can be traced back to British-Indian times. At the same time through the superior roles played by the former federal governments of the two South Asian giants, any war like situation was significantly ignored to date. Here the questionable part of the matter is that what kind of relations will prevail between the two states after Modi’s coming to power. Will he be able to take it to the next level or will he deliberately aggravate civil commotion to the already flimsy and feeble relations. Regarding this matter the society dwells in itself experts who endure two different kinds of approaches, the pessimistic and optimistic.

A number of people assume him as the sort of a person who exists only in himself and for himself. He is believed to have a more of a muscular approach. He is also thought to be an obvious threat to Pakistan as the brains working for him typically have an anti-Muslim approach. For instance Modi didn’t even remove BJP minister Giriraj Singh who has been generally branded for transfusing cynical statements about India’s Islamic neighbor. Among the others to whom Modi has always remained closely associated are the RSS members. These people were known plainly for infusing anti-secularist thoughts in the minds of the people and were said to believe that all the terrorists belong to one religion, Islam. Their hate speeches and engagements in killings of Muslims is what Modi has lived with since the age of 8. Being associated with RSS and praising the founder of the RSS exposes his hatred against Muslims. RSS was later banned as they were thought to be a threat to India’s secularist evolution. It was at this point in time that Modi comprehended the seriousness of the subject and partied ways with RSS. His departure was meant for the sake of his political career not because he differed in opinion with them.

A man is known by his behavior with other men in a civil society. The principals of every society highly recommends every individual to act humanely and avoid any kind of political or social activity that is destructive in nature. While in Modi’s case, his approach has always been destructive. For instance he is widely known for diffusing communal violence against the minorities in and out of the state. The Gujarat incident of 2004 during which under his governance around 14000 Muslims were gunned down, perfectly explains his is case.

On the contrary there are few experts who have a slightly optimistic approach on the matter. They foresee an under control situation all through his regime. The logic they put forward is that there is a possibility that Modi this time will be slightly more careful with his actions. As at this point he wouldn’t like to be considered as a unsuitable politician for the big job. He is fully aware of the fact that he needs to liberate his theory of ideology on this subject to earn back his lost reputation at national and international level.

Modi’s previous record depicts him as an extremely cold-blooded extremist Hindu right-wing politician who endures in himself no love for humanity and minorities. He is often spotted clearing himself on the issue of religious and bilateral violence, although his statements totally contradicts with people’s experience. His way of thinking clearly shows that how much Modi wants to see Pakistan off the world map but at the same time he is also aware of the fact that India is not in a position to make the similar mistake that Germans made under Hitler. So consequently his chances to worsen his relations with a stable state like Pakistan are very rare.

If we lay a comparison between the role of India’s former and current government we can observe that Modi somehow has hampered the process of economic engagements between the neighbors. As with the congress they were fully aware of the fact that a flourishing nation free of the absence of a stable civil society is near to impossible.

The talks between Pakistan and India in May 2014 started a new era of bilateral relation and partnership. They were concluded on the terms that the process of normalization will sustain and the testing ban will be implied to avoid any further tensions. Though the seductive promises regarding the new era of partnership from cradle to grave were very tempting and should have wiped away the conflict of interest at the geo-political and geo- strategic level to avoid any war like situation but unfortunately this doesn’t seem like happening.

The recent statements of Gen. Raheel Sharif in which he referred disputed region of Kashmir as a jugular vein of Pakistan shows how strongly Pakistan feels for Kashmir. Again is it the right time to break the silence and say it out loud? Do we expect the settlement of all such pending issues under Modi’s regime? Even if Modi agrees to facilitate the dialogue of Kashmir with Pakistan, it is evident that he would rather prefer to resolve it on his own terms.

Then it can also be observed that Modi by using cheap tactics seemingly invites Pakistan every time for a clandestine war by heavy bombardments at the border, baseless allegations on Pakistan after every terror attack in India and frequent outrageous statements by his state ministers against Pakistan . While Pakistan keeps avoiding it so that it can focus on battling down the insurgents in the regions along Durand line and economic developments in Pakistan which recently brought $46 billion investment in Pakistan in the form of China-Pakistani Economic Corridor .  This clearly indicates that Pakistan is thinking focally on understanding the need of time and limiting the fierce engagements with India and focusing their energies on economic development. It also shows that how strongly we as a nation today believe in stability of values, such as peace, justice and action. If Modi wants to see a prospective India which he vowed for and an enhanced relation with Pakistan he will have to put an end to his traditionalist approach and liberate his thinking.


is currently teaching at SICAS and is a student of Masters in Business Administration, and can be reached at

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