In terms of the original relationship based solely on economy, the application of dependency theory, where one state is a core while the other the periphery is quite simple: The United State of America is the core, with all goals and requisites being set by the US itself, either through USAID initiatives or, more specifically, the defense agreements and military assistance packages. Pakistan, being at the receiving end of the assistance so provided, acts as the periphery, where it provides adequate platform to the United States for the projection of the latter’s power in pursuance of the goals that are set.
The only retaliatory application of acts against the American interests and in favor of pursuance of Pakistan’s self-interest was after the Salalah check post incident, after which the Pakistani government restricted the NATO supply routes from its soil to Afghanistan, and this restriction continued even against severe pressure by the United States, invoking the Deterrence Model of Political Science where the state acts in retaliation to the coercive acts conducted by another state party to the model under observation.
Now that the withdrawal from Afghanistan is due to commence and the US maintains Pakistan as the first choice of an exit route, new incentives have started to approach. The current government in Pakistan is hopeful of the statements passed by the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, who has expressed fairly positive views of ending the acrimony between the two states, in hoping to ‘have a fresh start’ and to reengage in ‘revival of full partnership’, aiming to ‘bridge the gaps’ following a $7 Billion five year economic assistance package to Pakistan. With this stunning offer and the current economic crisis which has Pakistan deeply concerned, a short lived, short term and nostalgic acceptance may well be the government’s answer.
Pakistan may yet again fail to realize how this might turn out to be; definitely like the past, leading to a hasty and prospectively regrettable decision further damaging the economic structure of Pakistan. Where the initial negotiations with the IMF failed and the new, restructured loan of $7.3 billion that Pakistan is due to receive, there is a grim paradigm shift between the immediate and distant future. With the current debt at an outstanding $130-150 billion, another $14.3 billion seems too attractive but a burden nonetheless.
One must ask this simple question; following the Bankruptcy of Detroit, 61 more cities are preparing to file for the same; in this backdrop what would be the main incentive behind the $7 billion promised to Pakistan?